Word of the Week: promulgate

PROMULGATE

Definition:

Promulgate means:

          -To promote or make widely known, such as an idea or cause.

          -To announce or officially declare.

          -To put a law or decree into effect by official proclamation.

Etymology (word origin):

It comes from the Latin promulgat meaning ‘exposed to public view’, from the verb promulgare, from pro meaning ‘out or publically’ and mulgere meaning ‘cause to come forth’ or literally ‘to milk’.  Possibly related to the Latin provulgare meaning ‘to publicize’, from pro and vulgare meaning ‘to make common’ from vulgus meaning ‘the common people’.

Pronunciation:  prom-ulgate

Examples:

          1)    The mayor promulgated a resolution recognizing the contributions of his successor.

          2)    The declaration promulgated by the president was designed to support his own agenda.

Word of the Week: amok

AMOK

Definition:

Amok means:

          -In a murderously frenzied state.

          -In an undisciplined, uncontrolled or faulty manner.

          -A psychiatric disturbance characterized by depression followed by a manic urge to murder.

Etymology (word origin):

It is a Malaysian term dating back to the late 1600s which refers to a murderous frenzy occurring especially in Malaysian culture.  Amok, sometimes spelled amuk or amuck, originated from the Indonesian word mengamuk, which means to make a furious and desperate charge.

Pronunciation:  a-muck

Examples: (In modern usage, usually as ‘run amok’)

          1)    Obamacare is an example of big government run amok.

          2)    While the teacher stepped out the students ran amok in the classroom.

Word of the Week: beleaguered

BELEAGUERED

Definition:

Beleaguered means:

          -To be surrounded by military forces.

          -To be surrounded or beset with troubles.

Etymology (word origin):

It comes from the Dutch word belegeren, meaning ‘to besiege’, from be, meaning ‘around’ and legeren, meaning ‘to camp’, from leger meaning ‘bed, camp, army, lair’.

Pronunciation:  bih-lee-gerd

Examples:

          1)    Bad news continued to pour in for the beleaguered president.

          2)    Rebels closed in on the beleaguered capital.

Related Word:

lair:  a place in which to lie or rest, the bed of a wild beast

Word of the Week: corroborate

CORROBORATE 

Definition:

Corroborate means:

-To confirm or give support to a statement, theory or finding.

-To confirm, verify, or affirm.

Etymology (word origin):

It comes from the Latin corroborare, meaning ‘to strengthen’, from (1) com or co, meaning ‘together’ and (2) roborare, meaning ‘to give strength to’, from robur, meaning ‘strength’ or, literally, ‘oak’ and finally (3) ate, meaning ‘to make or cause’.

Pronunciation:  kuh-rob-uh-reyt

Examples:

1)     The witness was able to corroborate the defendant’s testimony.

2)     The driver’s account of the accident did not corroborate the victim’s claim.

Related Words:

robust:  strong, healthy, vigorous

Word of the Week: capitulate

CAPITULATE

Definition:

Capitulate means:

-To surrender unconditionally; to give in to something.

-To give up resistance; acquiesce; yield.

Etymology (word origin):

It comes from the Latin capitulatus, past participle of capitulare, from caput meaning ‘head’ and ulus meaning ‘small’.  Literally, capitulate means to become small headed, perhaps related to bowing one’s head in defeat at the end of a battle.

Pronunciation:  kuh-pich-uh-leyt

Examples:

1)     The Boy Scouts have refused to capitulate to the left wing radicals.

2)     After such a long, costly war, we should not now capitulate to the enemy.

Related Words:

capital:  having to do with forfeiture of the head or life, as in a capital offense.

capitation:  a direct, uniform tax imposed on each head or person.

Word of the Week: redux

REDUX 

Definition: 

Redux means:

-Brought back; revived; restored; revisited; resurgent.

-This adjective generally follows the noun it describes.

-Not to be confused with the French word, redoux, meaning ‘a temporary rise in temperature during the cold season, a mild spell or thaw’. 

Etymology (word origin): 

It comes from the Latin reducere, meaning ‘to lead or bring back’, from re, meaning ‘back or again’ and ducere, meaning ‘to lead’, as in to lead back from exile or war. 

Pronunciation:  re duks 

Examples: 

1)     The 2012 presidential election is Reagan-Carter redux.

2)     Her hippie clothing were 1960s redux.

Related Words:

reduce:  to lead back from error in conduct, to diminish in amount or to conquer or subdue

duke:  leader, commander, ruler